Investigating the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Approach Couple Therapy on the Internalized Behavioral Problems of Children Aged 10 - 15 with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Authors

  • Homa Kheirkhah PhD student, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran Author https://orcid.org/0009-0003-5631-1545
  • Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. (Adjunct Professor, Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran). Corresponding Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0958-1027
  • Golamali Afrooz Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2386-3223

Abstract

Objective: The current research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of implementing a cognitive-behavioral approach-based couple therapy program on parents and the reduction of internalized behavioral problems in students with autism spectrum disorder.

Method: The present research design was quasi-experimental, utilizing a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up design with a control group. The population consisted of all parents with autistic sons aged 10 to 15 years in the city of Mashhad, from which 56 eligible parents (couples) were selected through convenience sampling and placed into two groups: experimental and control (each group comprising 28 parents). The experimental group underwent twelve 90-minute sessions of couple therapy with a cognitive-behavioral approach by Dattilio (2005; 2009), while the control group was on a waitlist. Both groups responded to the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist at three stages. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance with SPSS.22 software.

Findings: The results indicated that the implementation of couple therapy with a cognitive-behavioral approach on parents significantly reduced the internalized behavioral problems (F=29.48, P<0.001) of children with autism spectrum disorder. This effect was sustained at the follow-up stage.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that couple therapy with a cognitive-behavioral approach was effective in reducing the internalized behavioral problems of children with autism spectrum disorder, and this approach can be utilized to decrease the psychological problems of children with autism spectrum disorder.

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Published

2024-02-01

How to Cite

Kheirkhah, H., Gholamali Lavasani, M., & Afrooz, G. (2024). Investigating the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Approach Couple Therapy on the Internalized Behavioral Problems of Children Aged 10 - 15 with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Applied Family Therapy Journal (AFTJ) , 5(1), 44-55. http://journals.kmanpub.com/index.php/aftj/article/view/1808

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